Friday, May 22, 2020
According to Article 1, Section 7 of the Constitution, Ã¢â¬Å"All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with amendments as on other Bills. Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a law, be presented to the President of the United States; if he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his objections to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other House, byÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In general, a bill will start with a member of Congress, but members of the public, state legislatures, or the executive branch can also suggest a bill to them. After a congressman decides that they wish to propose legislation, they then have to submit the bill to their respective house. In the House of Representatives, all that is needed is to place the bill into a box, while in the Senate, one must file it with a clerk. To illustrate the process, look at a hypothetical bill introduced in the House. After the bill has been submitted, it will be recorded in the House Journal and the Congressional record. The speaker of the house then assigns the bill to a committee. This is an important step and gives the speaker a large amount of power, as assigning a bill to a committee that will view it unfavorably will almost certainly result in the death of the bill. After the assignment, the committee will hold sessions to make any changes they think are important, and if deemed necessary, the chair will send the bill to a subcommittee. They will hold hearings and do further research before amending the bill, when it will be returned to the main
Friday, May 8, 2020
Health Promotion is an important aspect among health and the wellbeing of individuals. In order to solve the challenges facing nutrition and food practice, health promotion is way to allow individuals and the community to increase and take control over their health. The concept of Health promotion examines the implications of food and health, ethics and diversity in food and nutrition. It is very meaningful to many individuals who lack support or facing challenges because it allows professionals to show awareness. In the article Ã¢â¬Å"Social Determinants of HealthÃ¢â¬ by Dennis Raphael explains that Canadians have developed health promotion and population health concepts that direct attention to various social determinants of health (D, Rapheal, 2004, p 1). This shows that Health Promotion can indeed address some of the social determinants of health such as low income and social status, education, employment, child development, health services, and culture. The social determinant of health has an effect on Canadian Health, and government and community services should ensure everyone has access to education and support to ensuring healthy lifestyles. According to the article Ã¢â¬Å"A new appraisal of the concept of healthÃ¢â¬ based on the Bangkok charter, states that Health Promotion offers a positive inclusive concept of health as determinant of the quality of life and mental and spiritual well-being (M. OÃ¢â¬â¢Neill, A. Pederson et al ., 2007, p 27). For instance, health promotion can startShow MoreRelatedThe Social Determinants Of Health1623 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesStress has been identified as one of the social determinants of health. It has different meanings in various contexts, so a proper definition will give a good insight of the term. Ã Ã Ã Ã Stress can be defined as a state of emotional or mental disturbance resulting from adverse or demanding conditions. Ã Ã Ã Ã Stress can also be defined as a physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental disturbance and could be a causal in disease formation. StressesRead MoreThe Social Determinants Of Health1194 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswatching television, reading or watching over her six cats. Social Determinants of Health are conditions such as living conditions or environments one has experienced while living their life and how that affects oneÃ¢â¬â¢s health (Mikkonen, J., Raphael, D., 2010). In this case study of Norma James presented above, the three Social Determinants of Health (DOH) relevant to this case study are Income and Income Distribution, Health Services and Social Safety Net. The following of the paper will discuss theRead MoreThe Social Determinants Of Health981 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe first time. The social determinants of health most likely had an impact on the life expectancy of the vulnerable populations (Gupta, 2004). Applying the primary health care principles such as equity, cultural competence, community participation and maximum self-reliance, health promotion and disease prevention, access to health services and resource, use of acceptable technology and involvement of government departments to Mrs AziziÃ¢â¬â¢s care will reduce the prevalen ce of health inequities amongstRead MoreThe Social Determinants Of Health1377 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages A group of fellow students and my self conducted a public health walk in the area of hackney borough. Our aim was to observe the community and how their surroundings affected their health. On 4th November 2014, we met at 10am and started our walk at St. Johns church. Prior to this day we met up to plan on our walk and how we will conduct it. While on our walk we observed how diverse and cultural the area was, we observed the people socialising in the street, the services available for these peopleRead MoreThe Social Determinants Of Health1306 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesConditions of birth and peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s growth, lifestyles, occupations and age strongly influence their health. This essay focuses on children between the ages of zero to 19 and examines what the social determinants of health are. Firstly, it attempts to analyse poverty, family violence, addiction and the impacts on the health of younger New Zealanders who are exposed to those determinants. Secondly, strategies, initiative s and prevention services are identified at national, regional and local levels toRead MoreThe Social Determinants Of Health And Health898 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMental health outcomes vary differently by socioeconomic location for women and men. It is important to critically analyze the various social locations that low-income women living with mental health concerns are currently occupying. These women are occupying these social locations because of the structural inequities that they encounter in relation to their experiences with the social determinants of health. Explanatory frameworks are used to illustrate the relationship between the social determinantsRead MoreSocial Determinants Of Health And Health1170 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSocial determinants of health are social, economic and physical factors that affect the health of individuals in any given population. There are fourteen social determinants of health but Income is perhaps the most important of these because it shapes l iving conditions, influences health related behaviors, and determines food security. In Canada, people with lower incomes are more susceptible to disease/ conditions, higher mortality rate, decreased life expectancy and poorer perceived health thanRead MoreThe Social Determinants Of Health1458 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesknown as the social determinants of health; the central claim arising from this research is that Ã¢â¬Å"various social factors have a strong influence on population health and on inequalities in health outcomes across social groupsÃ¢â¬ . (Preda Voigt, 2015) Social determinants of health are conditions in the environments in which people are born, live, learn, work, play, worship, and age that affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality of life outcomes and risks. Conditions such as social, economicRead MoreThe Social Determinants Of Health1555 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages After so, this contact decimated every aspect of the Indigenous way of life. The health and well-being of Indigenous people initiated to worsen severely not only in the physical aspect but also mental. According to National Household Survey conducted in 2011, 1,400,685 people have been identified as being a member of one of the Aboriginal groups within Canada. Within these Aboriginal groups, critical mental health issues such as major depression, anxiety, suicidal thoughts, substance abuse disorderRead MoreSocial determinants of health1076 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHealth starts in our homes, workplaces, schools and communities. Most of us may think that the state of health is determined by our own behaviors and we are taking the initiatives in taking care of ourselves. By having a balanced diet, getting enough rest, exercising, not taking alcohols and smoking, receiving recommendation of preventive vaccine injection and screening tests, and seeing a doctor when we are sick, these behaviors all have great impact on our health. However, social determinants which
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"Let me hear it from the beginning,Ã¢â¬ said Inspector Dulles, as he scanned the forensic evidence before him: a Glock 17, with one bullet fired; fingerprints on the handgun showing those of the victim, Robert Green, 52; the medico-legal report showing the victim had succumbed to irreversible shock due to gunshot wound on the frontal region.Ã On the other seat was the victimÃ¢â¬â¢s widow, Laura Green, 32. She wore a black dress and high-heeled shoes. We will write a custom essay sample on Ã¢â¬Å"Let me hear it from the beginning,Ã¢â¬ said Inspector Dulles or any similar topic only for you Order Now Ã But her eyes were like a hawkÃ¢â¬â¢s, cold and piercing and fathomless. Ã¢â¬Å"My husband arrived on the usual hour,Ã¢â¬ she said, as if dictating to a stenographer.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"He took a shower, changed clothes, and settled down before the TV set with a glass of Jack Daniels. He refused to eat when I told him dinner was set.Ã At about eight he went inside his study and I followed.Ã He was incoherent, like he was angry with himself or something.Ã Finally he took out his pistol from a drawer and shot himself.Ã¢â¬ Ã Mrs. Green stopped as if collecting her thoughts, but she was motionless as a statue. Ã¢â¬Å"I calledÃ 911.Ã Then you came.Ã¢â¬ Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Pardon me for being blunt,Ã¢â¬ Dulles said, sipping from a glass of cold water, Ã¢â¬Å"but I gather Mr. Green has been seen around with another woman,Ã¢â¬ Dulles said. Mrs. Green assumed a pained expression, but said nothing.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Do you quarrel about such things?Ã¢â¬ pursued the detective. Ã Ã¢â¬Å"No,Ã¢â¬ said the woman. Ã¢â¬Å"He knew I would disapprove, so he had tried to keep it a secret.Ã But I have ways of knowing.Ã¢â¬ Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Did you spy on him?Ã¢â¬ Ã The woman shrugged and pursed her lips. Dulles silently put down his glass. He liked interrogating suspects who flinched and cowered, but he could not penetrate this one.Ã He has to try harder. Ã¢â¬Å"So you found out, one way or another, and plotted your revenge.Ã¢â¬ (No response).Ã But you made sure all his insurance policies were good and to your name just in case something happened (still no response).Ã And you kept nagging at him, humiliating him in the eyes of people, making his life miserable, until he thought of filing for divorce (Dulles thought he saw a gleam in the widowÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes). But you threatened to shame him by revealing all about all his philandering and kinky affairs if he persisted, and he became desperate and mad. (Here, the widowÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes slowly shifted from gazing into emptiness, like a machine gun turning on its swivels to aim at a new target: the eyes of Inspector Dulles.Ã He found it disturbing to look at it squarely, but he could not now stop). Ã¢â¬Å"Then you pestered him no end until he could take no more and so he took his own life.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No!Ã¢â¬ Inspector Dulles dodged as if to ward off a blow; at the same time he heard the sound of shattering glass.Ã Turning to look, he saw tiny shards of what remained of his glass of water on the floor. Ã He turned to look at the window, and was surprised to see it wide open. Faces appeared suddenly at the door, puzzled.Ã He waved them off.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Some vandal threw a stone from the street.Ã¢â¬ He turned to look at Mrs. Green.Ã But the malignant gleam he saw for one fleeting second was gone.Ã She just sat there and stared at nothing.Ã Dulles knew when a case led to nowhere: this was a case of plain suicide.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m sorry, Madam,Ã¢â¬ he said, touching her hand, Ã¢â¬Å"I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean to be rude or something.Ã You can go.Ã¢â¬ The widow rose from her chair, like alighting from a throne, a queen about to address her admiring subjects.Ã Dulles could not help noting her sensuousness, though little of her skin, ivory white and flawless, is revealed by the black satin dress.Ã She had looked insignificant, but now he found herself admiring the delicate curve of her neck, her slender limbs, her wicked inviting lips. He felt her attractive; he was like moth drawn to a flame.Ã Like a wraith, she walked gracefully to the door and vanished. Two weeks later, Dulles found himself knocking at the door of her mansion. At 48, he was unmarried.Ã He loved hearing old FaginÃ¢â¬â¢s song in the musical Oliver! as he deliberated whether to take himself a wife: Ã¢â¬Å"The finger she will wag at me, the money she will take from me, the misery sheÃ¢â¬â¢ll make for me: I guess I have to think of it again!Ã¢â¬ Ã But this evening he felt himself like a moth drawn to a flame.Ã He had postponed this trip and scorned himself for being like a junior on his prom date.Ã He had left the office early while Dave, his assistant, hunched low over the computer.Ã Although embarrassed, he mentioned to Dave he was going to see the widow.Ã He waited for Dave to laugh but was surprised to find the other in a sombre mood. Ã¢â¬Å"Tell you what,Ã¢â¬ Dave said.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"I found something about her.Ã SheÃ¢â¬â¢s not so pretty, but she has a way with men.Ã You wonÃ¢â¬â¢t believe it, but sheÃ¢â¬â¢d been previously married to three men.Ã¢â¬ Ã Dulles chuckled.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Well, IÃ¢â¬â¢m not the marrying type.Ã¢â¬ Ã Dave continued. Ã¢â¬Å"All her husbands had died, violently.Ã One leaped off a cliff during a camping trip with the wife.Ã Another drowned in a swimming pool for kids.Ã And the last, as we know it, shot himself on the head.Ã¢â¬ Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Was there foul play?Ã¢â¬ Dulles asked. Ã¢â¬Å"There was no evidence to incriminate her, although she was always present in the scene of the tragedy.Ã It was like she was always there to witness the unhappy end of a partner.Ã IÃ¢â¬â¢m not superstitious, man,Ã¢â¬ Dave said, Ã¢â¬Å"but I wonÃ¢â¬â¢t try meddling with that woman.Ã¢â¬ Ã Dulles was thoughtful as he pressed the door bell.Ã He waited for a few minutes until the door opened.Ã Laura was in black as usual, looking young and tempting and mysterious.Ã She invited him inside.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"I have been expecting you,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"Indeed?Ã¢â¬ Dulles said.Ã She did not look surprised after all.Ã She asked for leave to fetch a drink for them.Ã Left alone, Dulles stood up and surveyed the room.Ã His gaze focused on the books on the shelf.Ã She returned and gave him his drink.Ã They engaged in small talk.Ã Dulles had found the woman unattractive this time, and he berated himself for having fallen easily for her charm.Ã Then he turned to gaze at her eyes and once more he felt drawn to her. Ã¢â¬Å"I see youÃ¢â¬â¢re a witch,Ã¢â¬ Dulles said. LauraÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes were cold but no change came in them. Dulles went on: Ã¢â¬Å"I can see youÃ¢â¬â¢re into voodoo and the like, telekinesis and that stuff.Ã You know, I remember that stunt of yours in the office.Ã No vandal ever threw a stone inside the office.Ã I knew the windows were closed, had been closed for years.Ã Nobody had opened them.Ã The glass shattered by themselves. You did it by your mind, didnÃ¢â¬â¢t you?Ã¢â¬ Ã Laura was silent.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"All your husbands, they died by your will, the power of your mind over matter.Ã IÃ¢â¬â¢ve looked into your husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s records and nothing showed they were into some trouble.Ã I suspect you did them in when they found out all about your witching stuff.Ã¢â¬ Their eyes locked.Ã LauraÃ¢â¬â¢s were expressionless, then tears came into them.Ã She cupped her hands on her face and wept inconsolably.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Hahahahahaha! Hehehehehe! HarharharharÃ¢â¬ Dulles was convulsed with laughter.Ã He embraced the weeping widow. Ã Ã¢â¬Å"I got you that time, didnÃ¢â¬â¢t I?Ã¢â¬ Ã Laura looked up to the gay detective.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"What do you mean?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s all a joke.Ã I made that up.Ã¢â¬ Ã Laura was crying and laughing at the same time. Ã¢â¬Å"You brute,Ã¢â¬ she said. Two hours later, Inspector Dulles was at the wheel of his orange Mustang, happily relishing his intimate moments with the young widow.Ã But as he made a turn in the twisting mountain road, he felt sick, not knowing why.Ã Then he saw a car zooming up in the rear: it was Laura on her convertible.Ã Dulles slowed down.Ã Ã Dulles waited for her to come alongside and waved, but she did not smile. She just stared at him, their cars racing into the winding skyway, the drone of their cars engines like a throbbing drum.Ã Then Dulles felt the Mustang going airborne, heaved by an unseen power.Ã He panics and grabs the wheel, but it would not budge, and he turns to look Ã at Laura, the roar of the Mustang like thunder in his ears, and saw her eyes widen, fierce and commanding and terrible, and as the car leaped out to space, Dulles opened his mouth to scream. How to cite Ã¢â¬Å"Let me hear it from the beginning,Ã¢â¬ said Inspector Dulles, Essay examples
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
The market where transactions of money and financial assets are accomplished for short time is called money market. On the other end, capital market is meant that market where transactions of money and financial assets are occurred for a long period. * Institutions: Important institutions operating in theÃ¢â¬â¢ money market are central banks, commercial banks, acceptance houses,Ã non bankÃ financial institutions, bill brokers. Important institutions of the capital market are stock exchanges, commercial banks and non bank institutions, such as insurance companies, mortgage banks, building societies. Transactions Period: In money market transactions are accomplished for one or less than one year. While capital market transactions are for long time. * Nature of Credit Instruments: The credit instruments dealt with in the capital market are more heterogeneous than those in money market. Some homogeneity of credit instruments is needed for the operation of financial markets. Too much diversity creates problems for the investors. * Risks: Since investment of this market is for a short-term, the risk of money is low. We will write a custom essay sample on Money Markets vs Capital Markets or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In capital market the risk of money and loan defaulters are high. Instruments: Cash dollar, treasury bills, commercial papers are used as the instrument in money market. On the other end, Shares, debentures, long-term bonds are the instruments of capital market. * Transaction Procedures: Since fewer formalities are required in money market therefore, transactions cost is also minimum. While, many formalities are required in making capital market transaction successful and therefore its transaction cost is little bit higher than the money market. * Relation with Government Agency: The money market is closely and directly linked with central bank of the country. The capital market feels Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) as well as central bankÃ¢â¬â¢s influence, but mainly indirectly and through the money market. Customer-centric Business Model| * Grow assets under management with real-time analysis of customer activity and personalized interaction * Measure and report on the state of customer relationships and profitability in real time with business analytics * Personalize customer experience across channels * Capture investment profiles to target offers and leads, while shortening sales cycles and increasing investment offers| Effective Risk Management| * Handle compliance issues, regulatory requirements, security, and other operational risks without burdening existing operations * Provide real-time and near real-time actionable customer and product profitability insight, delivered to the front office * Manage security exposure, market, and operations risk * Support centralized and consistent capture of regulatory data for MiFID and KYC requirements| Operational Effectiveness| * Streamline project management, simplify procurement, and make the most your firms most important assetÃ¢â¬âemployees * Reduce operational risk with end-to-end financial management * Manage projects more efficiently and effectively * Transform corporate procurement with strategic sourcing capabilities| Next-generation Services| * Evolve to an agile, intelligent, and secure platform * Increase competitiveness by enabling new, intelligent services, while consolidating legacy systems * Enable new services across product silos with service-ena bled processes and applications * Gain real-time insight across channels with business intelligence for capital markets * Secure customer data and access for risk and compliance reporting with enterprise security and identity management * Selectively consolidate legacy systems onto an open-standard platform with enterprise grid computing and content management|
Thursday, March 19, 2020
First we will consider the assigned baseball scenario under LeibnizÃ¢â¬â¢s system of metaphysics. In the baseball scenario, the aggregate of the player, bat, pitch, swing and all the other substances in the universe are one and all contingent. There are other possible things, to be sure; but there are also other possible universes that could have existed but did not. The totality of contingent things, the bat, the player, etc., themselves do not explain themselves. Here Leibniz involves the principle of reason; Ã¢â¬Å"there can be found no fact that is true or existent, or any true proposition, without there being a sufficient reason for its being so and not otherwise.Ã¢â¬ There must be, Leibniz insists, something outside the totality of contingent things (baseball games) which explains them, something which is itself necessary and therefore requires no explanation other than itself. This forms LeibnizÃ¢â¬â¢s proof for the existence of God; a version of AquinasÃ¢â¬â¢s cosmological arguments. God, then, is the necessary being which constitutes the explanation of contingent being, why the universe is this way rather than any other. Not only is God the explanation of the baseball scenario but he is also the source of the intelligibility of such concepts as bat, swing and pitch. Leibniz goes further to prove the omniscience of God. If God is the explanation of the intelligibility of the universe, then God must have Ã¢â¬ËaccessÃ¢â¬â¢ to that intelligibility, such that God could be said to know what it is that being allowed to exist-that is, God must have the ability to grasp complete concepts. Not only does God constitute the contingent baseball game but he also knows what will take place before it happens. The pitch, swing and hit all take place not because God creates them but because he allows them. There is only one constraint on what God allows to happen, it must not violate LeibnizÃ¢â¬â¢s other basic principle-non-contradiction. God cou... Free Essays on Leibniz And Spinoza's Metaphysics Applied To Baseball Free Essays on Leibniz And Spinoza's Metaphysics Applied To Baseball First we will consider the assigned baseball scenario under LeibnizÃ¢â¬â¢s system of metaphysics. In the baseball scenario, the aggregate of the player, bat, pitch, swing and all the other substances in the universe are one and all contingent. There are other possible things, to be sure; but there are also other possible universes that could have existed but did not. The totality of contingent things, the bat, the player, etc., themselves do not explain themselves. Here Leibniz involves the principle of reason; Ã¢â¬Å"there can be found no fact that is true or existent, or any true proposition, without there being a sufficient reason for its being so and not otherwise.Ã¢â¬ There must be, Leibniz insists, something outside the totality of contingent things (baseball games) which explains them, something which is itself necessary and therefore requires no explanation other than itself. This forms LeibnizÃ¢â¬â¢s proof for the existence of God; a version of AquinasÃ¢â¬â¢s cosmological arguments. God, then, is the necessary being which constitutes the explanation of contingent being, why the universe is this way rather than any other. Not only is God the explanation of the baseball scenario but he is also the source of the intelligibility of such concepts as bat, swing and pitch. Leibniz goes further to prove the omniscience of God. If God is the explanation of the intelligibility of the universe, then God must have Ã¢â¬ËaccessÃ¢â¬â¢ to that intelligibility, such that God could be said to know what it is that being allowed to exist-that is, God must have the ability to grasp complete concepts. Not only does God constitute the contingent baseball game but he also knows what will take place before it happens. The pitch, swing and hit all take place not because God creates them but because he allows them. There is only one constraint on what God allows to happen, it must not violate LeibnizÃ¢â¬â¢s other basic principle-non-contradiction. God cou...
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Alligator Facts (A. mississippiensis and A. sinensis) The alligator is a freshwater crocodilian belonging to the genus Alligator. It is a large reptile with a fearsome set of teeth. In fact, the teeth are one way to tell an alligator from a crocodile. An alligators teeth are hidden when its mouth is closed, while a crocodile still has a toothy grin. The name alligator comes from the Spanish el lagarto, which means the lizard. Alligators are sometimes called living fossils because they have been around about 37 million years, first appearing in the fossil record in the Oligocene epoch. Fast Facts: Alligator Scientific Name: Alligator mississippiensis (American alligator); Alligator sinensis (Chinese alligator)Common Name: Alligator, gatorBasic Animal Group: ReptileSize: 13 feet (American); 7 feet (Chinese)Weight: 790 pounds (American); 100 pounds (Chinese)Lifespan: 35 to 50 yearsDiet: CarnivoreHabitat: Freshwater marshes and grasslandsPopulation: 5 million (American); 68 to 86 (Chinese)Conservation Status: Least Concern (American); Critically Endangered (Chinese) Species There are two alligator species. The American alligator is Alligator mississippiensis, while the Chinese alligator is Alligator sinensis. Several extinct species are found in the fossil record. The Chinese alligator is critically endangered in the wild. reptiles4all, Getty Images Description Alligators range in color from brown to olive green to black with white bellies. Juvenile alligators have orange, yellow, or white marks that fade as they reach maturity. American alligators are much larger than Chinese alligators. The average American alligator is 13 feet long and weighs 790 pounds, but large specimens over 14 feet long and 990 pounds occur. Chinese alligators average 7 feet long and 100 pounds. In both species, males tend to be larger than females. An alligators strong tail makes up over half its length. Habitat and Distribution The American alligator lives in the southeastern United States. It occurs in freshwater and brackish wetlands in Florida, Louisiana, Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina, North Carolina, East Texas, and southern Arkansas and Oklahoma. The Chinese alligator is found in a short section of the Yangtze River valley. Diet Alligators are carnivores, although they sometimes supplement their diet with fruit. The type of prey depends on the size of the alligator. They are ambush predators that prefer to eat prey that may be consumed in one bite, such as fish, turtles, mollusks, small mammals, and other reptiles (including smaller alligators). However, they can take much larger prey. Larger prey are grabbed and spun around in the water in what is called a death roll. During a death roll, the gator bites off chunks until the target is subdued. Alligators may store prey under the water until it decomposes enough to be eaten. Like other cold-blooded animals, alligators cannot digest prey when temperatures drop too low. Behavior Alligators are excellent swimmers, plus they use three modes of locomotion on land. The sprawl is a walk using four legs with the belly touching the ground. The high walk is on four limbs with the belly above the ground. Alligators can walk on their two legs, but only for short distances. While large males and females tend to be solitary within a territory, smaller alligators form highly social groups. Alligators readily tolerate other individuals of comparable size. Gators are extremely intelligent. They have been known to use tools and find their way home from a distance of 30 miles. Reproduction and Offspring Alligators mature when they reach a length of around 6 feet. In the spring, male alligators bellow, emit blasts of infrasound, and head-slap water to attract mates. Both sexes gather in groups for courtship in what is called an alligator dance. Males mate multiple females, but a female has one mate per season. In the summer, a female builds a nest of vegetation and lays between 10 and 15 hard-shelled eggs. Decomposition supplies the heat needed to incubate the eggs. The temperature of the nest determines offspring sex. Temperature of 86Ã Ã °F or lower produce females, while temperature above 93Ã Ã °F produce males. Between 86Ã Ã °F and 93Ã Ã °F, a clutch contains both males and females. The young hatch in September using an egg tooth and assistance from their mother. Female hatchlings weigh more than male hatchlings. The female defends the nest and helps the hatchlings reach water. She continues to guard her offspring for a year or two, but will mate each year once she reaches maturity. It is unknown exactly how long alligators live in the wild. Estimates place average lifespan between 35 and 50 years. Alligators in captivity can live long lives. One captive specimen is at least 80 years old. Alligator hatchlings have white or yellow marks. DeSid, Getty Images Conservation Status The IUCN classifies the conservation status of the American alligator as least concern. Approximately 5 million American alligators live in the wild. On the other hand, the status of the Chinese alligator is critically endangered. As of 2018, between 68 and 86 mature individuals lived in the wild, with a stable population trend. At present, more Chinese alligators live in zoos than in the wild. Chinese alligators are protected, plus captive individuals may be successfully reintroduced into the wild. Alligators and Humans Alligators typically do not perceive humans as prey. While attacks sometimes occur, they tend to be provoked when a person encroaches on an alligators territory, in self-defense, or where humans feed alligators and the reptiles have lost their natural shyness. Alligators are hunted and raised commercially for skin and meat. Wild alligators are a popular sight for ecotourists. Alligators offer an economic benefit to humans by controlling muskrat, copypu (nutria), and other pest animal populations. Alligators can be trained, but they do not make good pets because they grow very quickly, escape enclosures, and can be unpredictably aggressive. Fun fact: While an alligator closes its mouth with force, its jaws are too weak to open when the mouth is held closed. Zen Rial, Getty Images Sources Brochu, C.A. (1999). Phylogenetics, taxonomy, and historical biogeography of Alligatoroidea. Memoir (Society of Vertebrate Paleontology). 6: 9Ã¢â¬â100. doi:10.2307/3889340Craighead, F. C., Sr. (1968). The role of the alligator in shaping plant communities and maintaining wildlife in the southern Everglades. The Florida Naturalist, 41, 2Ã¢â¬â7, 69Ã¢â¬â74.Crocodile Specialist Group (1996). Alligator mississippiensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1996: e.T46583A11061981. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.1996.RLTS.T46583A11061981.enFish, Frank E.; Bostic, Sandra A.; Nicastro, Anthony J.; Beneski, John T. (2007). Death roll of the alligator: mechanics of twist feeding in water. The Journal of Experimental Biology. 210 (16): 2811Ã¢â¬â2818. doi:10.1242/jeb.004267Jiang, H. Wu, X. (2018). Alligator sinensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T867A3146005. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-1.RLTS.T867A3146005.en
Sunday, February 16, 2020
Building Successful Brand of Toyota - Essay Example This paper illustrates that Toyota recognizes the difference between product marketing alone and actual investment in the creation of a company brand. Indeed, Toyota seems to understand and appreciate the value of forming a corporate framework that facilitates the consumerÃ¢â¬â¢s preference for its products. As noted, the company faces fierce competition from other brands for the global market, which has meant that Toyota needed to reposition itself using contemporary means to stay ahead of the competition, at which they succeeded. Toyota Motors is responsible for total quality management or TQM, receiving numerous awards for quality management, such as the Japan Quality Control Award and the Deming Application Prize. The TQM strategy at Toyota is based on the Kaizen or customer first concept that stands for continuous improvement, as well as total participation that refers to input and involvement of all its workers. The Creative Idea Suggestion System, for example, seeks to encou rage and support employees in contributing effectively to quality development at the company. The ToyotaÃ¢â¬â¢s production System has also resulted in quality improvement for work and products. In addition, the Toyota Way, established in 2001, is composed of continuous improvement, also referred to as Kaizen, which strives eliminate overproduction and waste, as well as to allow employees to suggest appropriate changes. Other techniques under Kaizen include eliminating employee fears to report issues, eliminating mistakes through a root cause analysis, eliminating transport and mistakes, creating a satisfying relationship with customers, and using mathematical and intellectual rationalization to create long-term solutions. Integrated marketing communications have been defined as a planning process that is designed to make sure that the customer receives brand contacts for a service, product, or organization that relevant and consistent over time to that customer.